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JEB STUART'S RIDE
AROUND MCCLELLAN


(PAGE 2 of 11)








 

Report of Brig. Gen. J. E. B. Stuart, C. S. Army, commanding Cavalry Brigade, with congratulatory orders.

HDQRs. CAV. BRIG., DEPT. OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA,
June 17, 1862.
GENERAL: In compliance with your written instructions I undertook an expedition to the vicinity of the enemy's lines on the Pamunkey with about 1,200 cavalry and a section of the Stuart Horse Artillery. The cavalry was composed of portions of the First, Fourth, and Ninth Virginia Cavalry. The second named, having no field officer present, was, for the time being, divided between the first and last mentioned, commanded, respectively, by Col. Fitz. Lee and Col. W. H. Fitzhugh Lee; also two squadrons of the Jeff. Davis Legion, commanded by Lieut. Col. W. T. Martin, the section of artillery being commanded by First Lieut. James Breathed.

Although the expedition was prosecuted farther than was contemplated in your instructions I feel assured that the considerations which actuated me will convince you that I did not depart from their spirit, and that the boldness developed in the subsequent direction of the march was the quintessence of prudence.

The destination of the expedition was kept a profound secret (so essential to success) and was known to my command only as the actual march developed it ...


(Source: O.R.-- SERIES I--VOLUME XI/1 [S# 12] - Throughout this section portions of J.E.B. Stuart's report on his trip, as contained in the Official Records, are shown in red font and italics, as above.)





LET'S START




Route
(in red) from the starting point, bottom
center, to Kilby's Station, upper left.
***



Following the Route Numbers:

(Throughout this section, these boxes will describe how to follow Stuart's path using the present highway system...they describe the route highlighted in the seven small maps provided in this section.)

To begin the tour, we go to the intersection of Brook Road (U.S. Route 1) and Azalea Avenue north of the city. It was here that J.E.B. Stuart began his famous ride.

Riding north on Brook Road for approximately .7 miles we come to a stop light providing access to a shopping center on the left and some fairly well preserved Richmond outer defenses earthworks.

For reference, on the right side of the road, at the light, there is a pull over area that has three Virginia markers addressing the Richmond outer defenses.

To visit the earthworks, turn left at the light and park in the shopping center parking lot.





(A)
Starting Point for Stuart's Ride.

The southwest corner of the intersection of Azlea and Brook roads in Richmond, Virginia. This was the site of the Mordecai Farm, where Stuart started his trip. ( All photographs in this section, other than 19th century photographs, were taken in 2005 ).



(B)
Richmond's Outer Defenses.

Riding north on Telegraph Road (Currently named Brook Road, U.S. Route 1) Stuart crossed Richmond's outer defenses near the site of these preserved earthworks.




Route
(in red) from the starting point, bottom
center, to Kilby's Station, upper left.




Following the Route Numbers:

Following Stuart, we continue north on Brook Road (U.S. 1) for approximately two miles, then turn left onto Mountain Road, Route 625.

Approximately 1 mile down this road, we come to a fork at which Route 625 goes to the left. We do not follow Route 625, rather we continue straight onto Greenwood Road.

About three miles down Greenwood Road, we turn right onto Old Washington Highway, Route 626; then, one and one-half miles later, we turn left onto Route 623.

Finally, about a quarter mile down this road, we turn right returning to Route 626. A half mile down Route 626 we arrive at Kilby's Station.




(C)
Kilby's Station, now called Elmont.



(C)
State Road Sign at Kilby's Station.




At the time of Stuart's ride, Kilby's Station was being picketed by some Virginia cavalry. Stuart picked up additional men here to accompany him on his ride.



... The force was quietly concentrated beyond the Chickahominy, near Kilby's Station, on the Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad, and moved thence parallel to and to the left of that road. Scouts were kept far to the right to ascertain the enemy's whereabouts, and advanced guard, flankers, and rear guard to secure our column against surprise. I purposely directed my first day's march toward Louisa, so as to favor the idea of re-enforcing Jackson, and encamped just opposite Hanover Court-House, near South Anna Bridge (Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad), 22 miles from Richmond ...


 



PAGE THREE



  *** The little blue arrow on the north directional arrow, on each of the numbered maps, is a
        "Richmond finder". It shows the direction to Richmond. It can be used as a reference as you follow
        Stuart's ride around McClellan.

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