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SHILOH
(PITTSBURG LANDING)
(PAGE 6 OF 8)










  Shiloh Drummer Boy117
John Clem
1851 - 1937
Photograph taken in 1863,
when he was 12 years old.

The Drummer Boy of Shiloh

After the battle of Shiloh, a song and a play called "The Drummer Boy of Shiloh," were produced describing the participation of a ten year old Union drummer in the battle. The play caused several people to come forward claiming that they were the Drummer Boy of Shiloh.

A study by Ray H. Mattison, former historian at the Shiloh National Military Park, proved that many of the claimants were ineligible for the designation. Based upon Mattison's study, John Clem, also called "The Drummer Boy of Chickamauga," has the strongest claim to the Shiloh title.
 





 
Confederate Monument
Confederate Monument
Placed by the U.D.C., May 17, 1917


The Shiloh CONFEDERATE MONUMENT combines symbolism with beauty to commemorate the story of the Southern "Lost Cause" in the fields and woods near Shiloh Church. Its prominent location marks a Confederate high water mark: Here, on April 6, 1862, Confederates encircled and captured over 2,200 Federal troops, including General Benjamin Prentiss, thus ending Union defense of the Hornets's Nest.


Confederate Monument

A - Over eighteen feet high, the monument's central figures depict a "Defeated Victory." In front, the South surrenders the laurel wreath of victory to Death on her right, and night on her left. Death took away the commander-in-chief; while Night, having brought on re-enforcements for the Federals stands waiting to complete the defeat.

B - Below them, in low relief, appears the figure of General Albert Sidney Johnston, the southern commander. Johnston remains the highest ranking American officer ever to die in combat.

C - The panel of heads to the right represents the spirit of the first day's battle. Exuberantly, hopefully, courageously, fearlessly, the young Confederates rush into battle. The eleven soldiers portrayed equal the number of Confederate states.

D - The soldiers on the panel to the left, now fewer in number, represent the second day's battle. Driven back over ground they had gained the day before, Confederates are finally forced to retreat. The panel shows the sorrow of the men who fought so hard for a victory so nearly won, and so unexpectedly lost. The symbolically depicted "wave upon wave of soldiery" is now past its crest.

E - At the far right, the infantryman has snatched up the Confederate flag in defiance of the U. S. Army. In support by his side, the Artilleryman calmly gazes through the smoke of battle.

F - To the left, the Cavalryman spreads his hand in frustration. Although eager to assist, the cavalry could not penetrate Shiloh's thick undergrowth. The rear figure, head bowed in submission to the order to cease firing, represents the Confederate officer corps. At that point, on the evening of the battle's first day, Confederate victory had seemed imminent.



 
PAGE SEVEN



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