U. S. CIVIL WAR
(A Continuation of the Battle for Chattanooga)
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Battle of Mission [i.e., Missionary] Ridge, Nov. 25th, 1863
Battle of Missionary Ridge showing the Union assault;   also
included is an insert of the   McCormick harvesting machine.
Cosack & Co., lithographer . Chromolithograph, color.
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Missionary Ridge Battlefield - 1865
After the Confederate Army, under General
Braxton Bragg, withdrew from
Lookout Mountain on the night of
November 24, 1863, they established a strong defensive line on Missionary Ridge.
Missionary Ridge is an elevated range, east of Chattanooga, several hundred feet
above the the city, and running northeast to southwest for approximately six
miles. General Bragg felt the Confederate position on Missionary Ridge was so
strong that he detached 15,000 men to attack Knoxville.
Bragg's right flank was held by 14
brigades in Hardee's
had nine brigades with which to cover a two and one-half mile front opposite
Grant's center. Three parallel lines of entrenchments had been laid out and
partially completed. One line was along the base of the ridge; another had been
started about half-way up the slope; and a third was along the crest.
Photograph of the Orchard Knob area taken from Missionary Ridge - 1864
Early the next morning, November 25th, U.S. General Ulysses S. Grant moved his
headquarters to Orchard Knob, a rocky eminence, arising about a hundred feet
above Chattanooga and located about a third of a mile from the base of
Photograph of Missionary Ridge taken from Orchard Knob - 1860's
General Bragg's Headquarters, located behind the Confederate line on Missionary
Ridge, was visible from Orchard Knob.
With the Confederate retreat from Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge now became
the center of attention regarding the seige of Chattanooga.
Civil War Photos