U. S. CIVIL WAR
J. E. B. STUART
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1833 - 1864
Born February 6th, 1833, in Patrick County Virginia, Stuart, after
graduating from West Point, served in the Mounted Rifles until 1861,
when he joined the Confederacy. As a cavalry officer, Stuart commanded
Lee's mounted units, and provided the "eyes" of Lee's Army of Northern
Virginia. In 1862 he
became famous for his
riding, with 1200 men, completely around the Army of the Potomac under Union
General George B. McClellan. Until his death in 1864, Stuart played a major
role in all of Lee's battles.
At Chancellorsville, Stuart replaced Stonewall Jackson, who was mortally
wounded, and commanded
his corps competently.
However, Lee returned him to the calvalry because he was more valuable there.
At Gettysburg, Stuart, due mainly to ambiguous orders, made a controversial raid
around the Federal army, leaving Lee "blinded" as to what the Federals were
doing. Although some historians believe that the Confederate defeat at
Gettysburg was primarily Stuart's fault, John S. Mosby, the Gray Ghost, wrote a
persuasive defense of Stuart after the war. On May 11, 1864, at Yellow
Tavern, outside of Richmond, Virginia, Stuart was mortally wounded. He died the
Near a major Richmond area shopping center and the J.E.B. Stuart parkway stands
this monument, in a Henrico County residential area,
marking the location where J.E.B. Stuart was mortally wounded.
Text on the monument:
UPON THIS FIELD
Maj. Gen. J.E.B. STUART
COMMANDING CONFEDERATE CALVERY
RECEIVED HIS MORTAL WOUND
MAY 11, 1864
The two plaques on the monument's base read:
GEN. J.E.B. STUART
BORN FEB. 6, 1833,
DIED MAY 12, 1864.
THIS MONUMENT ERECTED IN
MEMORY OF MAJOR GENERAL
JAMES EWELL BROWN STUART,
C.S.A. BY HIS CAVALRYMEN
ABOUT THIRTY FEET FROM THE
SPOT WHERE HE FELL MORTALLY
WOUNDED ON MAY 11, 1864, WAS
DEDICATED JUNE 18, 1888, BY
THE GOVERNOR OF VIRGINIA,
FITZHUGH LEE, A FORMER
DIVISION COMMANDER IN
RE-DEDICATED MAY 9, 1964,
HENRICO COUNTY CIVIL WAR
Location of the J.E.B. Stuart Monument, shown above.
(Approximately twelve miles north of Richmond, Va.)
After being wounded at Yellow Tavern, Stuart was moved to
Richmond where he died in the home of his brother-in-law.
Where J.E.B. Stuart Died
J.E.B. Stuart's Grave Site|
Left, 1865 temporary marker; Right, final monument.
Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia.
J.E.B. Stuart's Monument,
Monument Avenue, Richmond, Virginia.
Civil War Photos