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GAINES' MILL
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Gaines Mill - 6-27-1862
Gaines' Mill - Day of Battle







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  June 27, 1862
Estimated Casualties: 15,500 total (US 6,800; CS 8,700)

This was the third of the Seven Daysí Battles. On June 27, 1862, Gen. Robert E. Lee renewed his attacks against Porterís V Corps, which had established a strong defensive line behind Boatswainís Swamp north of the Chickahominy River.


Boatswain Creek
Boatswain Creek - 2001   (3)


Porterís reinforced V Corps held fast for the afternoon against disjointed Confederate attacks, inflicting heavy casualties. At dusk, the Confederates finally mounted a coordinated assault that broke Porterís line and drove his soldiers back toward the river. The Federals retreated across the river during the night. Defeat at Gainesí Mill convinced McClellan to abandon his advance on Richmond and begin the retreat to James River. Gainesí Mill saved Richmond for the Confederacy in 1862.

(Text Source: U.S. Gov't, National Park Service)

 



Walnut Grove Church
Walnut Grove Church - 2005

HERE, ON THE MORNING OF JUNE 27, 1862,
AS HE WAS DIRECTING THE PURSUIT OF
MCCLELLAN'S RIGHT WING, ROBERT E. LEE
MET STONEWALL JACKSON, WHOSE ARMY OF
THE VALLEY ARRIVED TO JOIN THE ATTACK
ON THE FEDERALS THE SAME AFTERNOON
From Douglas Freeman sign at the Church




Gaines' Mill Sign(1)

Gaines' Mill Map Gaines' Mill Map
Gaines' Mill Battlefield Map.
(Troop positions are approximate.)
A relationship of the Gaines' Mill and Cold Harbor
battlefields is illustrated on the Cold Harbor Page.
Gaines' Mill Battlefield Map.
Showing location and direction of photographs.
(Numbers in parentheses in the text refer to this map.)




Gaines' Mill - 1860 54 Woods
Gaines' Mill Battlefield 1860's.
Unburied Dead
Gaines' Mill Battlefield 1998   (2)
Looking toward the Confederate line.



The 
Trent House
The Trent House near Savage's Station - 2001.
McClellan's Headquarters was in the yard
from June 12, 1862 until the Battle of Gaines' Mill.

A Virginia Trails Interpretive Sign is at the fence in front of the Trent House (just to the right of the photograph above). To see the sign and its text click HERE.



PAGE TWO



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